Camarões : Photos

Descubram cada dias das Fotografias dos diferentes países da África e as Antilhas

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Yseult

La chanteuse franco-camerounaise Yseult Onguenet en spectacle pour la toute première fois à Montréal au Centre Phi

Jeudi, 27 février 2020




Loganair G-SAJO Embraer ERJ-145MP flight LM595 arrival at Manchester MAN England UK from Inverness INV Scotland

PH-RXA 24/02/2000 KLM Exel
PH-RXA 23/04/2002 Cameroon Airlines
PH-RXA 02/08/2002 KLM Exel
PH-RXA 26/09/2003 GrandaExel
PH-RXA 02/05/2005 bmi Regional
G-RJXM 23/12/2005 bmi Regional
G-RJXM 22/02/2019 Loganair
G-SAJO 01/04/2019 Loganair




Aicha

A young Cameroonian woman posing in front of a bookcase




Bamenda in Cameroon during a Celebration

Eine Feier in Bamenda, Kamerun




Impressions from Bamenda in Cameroon, Africa

Eindrücke aus Bamenda in Kamerun, Afrika




Impressions from Bamenda in Cameroon, Africa

Eindrücke aus Bamenda in Kamerun, Afrika




Red river hog (Potamochoerus porcus)

The red river hog or African bush pig (Potamochoerus porcus) is a wild member of the pig family.
This smallest African pig has a wide, but patchy, distribution in the west and central sub-Saharan to northern South Africa and Madagascar. The red river hog lives in rainforests, wet dense savannas, and forested valleys, and near rivers, lakes and marshes. They also congregate around human villages.
The red river hog has striking red fur, with black legs and a tufted white stripe along the spine. They have white face markings around the eyes and on the cheeks and jaws; the rest of the muzzle and face are a contrasting black. Adults weigh 45 to 115 kg and with a length of 100 to 145 cm. The thin tail is 30 to 45 cm. The boar (male) is somewhat larger than the sow (female). Males have recognisable humps or lumps on both sides of the snout and rather small, sharp tusks.
The species is omnivorous, eating mainly roots and tubers, and supplements its diet with fruit, grasses, herbs, eggs, dead animal and plant remains, insects, and lizards. It uses its large muzzle to root about in the soil in search of food, which can cause much damage to agricultural plantings.
Red river hogs are mostly nocturnal. By day, they hide in dense brush. After sunset, they roam in troops searching for food. They are good swimmers.
They live in troops of 4 to 20 animals, composed of a male (boar), some adult females (sows) and their piglets. Different troops may merge occasionally to form groups of up to 60 animals.
Red river hogs may live more than 20 years in captivity. In the wild about 15 years.
This picture was taken in the Zoo of Krefeld, Germany.

Het penseelzwijn of rivierzwijn (Potamochoerus porcus) is het kleinste in Afrika voorkomende wilde varken. Het leefgebied ligt ten zuiden van de Sahara van westelijk Afrika (Senegal) tot in oostelijk Congo, en zuidwaarts tot noordelijk Zuid-Afrika. De in Oost-Afrika naar het zuiden toe levende varkens worden soms ook als een nauwe verwante afzonderlijke soort gezien, het boszwijn (Potamochoerus larvatus). Het penseelzwijn leeft voornamelijk in regenwouden, vochtige, dichte struiksavannen en in beboste valleien, altijd in de buurt van rivieren, meren en moerassen.
Het penseelzwijn heeft een opvallend rode vachtkleur. Over de rug loopt een vage, witte streep. Ook heeft het dier een wit gezichtsmasker, rond de ogen, op de wangen en op de kaak. De snuit en het voorhoofd zijn zwart. Op de wangen zitten witte kwastjes, en aan het uiteinde van de grote, bladvormige oren zit een lange witte haarkwast, het penseel. Het mannetje heeft herkenbare knobbels aan beide zijden van de snuit en vrij kleine, scherpe slagtanden. Volwassenen dieren wegen 45 à 115 kg en hebben een lengte van 100 à 145 cm. De dunne staart is 30 à 45 cm. De beer (het mannetje) is iets groter dan de zeug (het vrouwtje).
Het penseelzwijn is omnivoor. Het eet voornamelijk wortelen en knollen, aangevuld met afgevallen vruchten, grassen en kruiden en dierlijk materiaal als eieren, aas, insecten, slakken en hagedissen. Om knollen, wortelen en insecten te vinden, woelt het met zijn grote snuit de grond om. Penseelzwijnen kunnen op deze manier veel schade aanrichten aan landbouwgewassen.
Het penseelzwijn is voornamelijk 's nachts actief. Overdag schuilen ze in dicht struikgewas. Na zonsondergang zwerven ze rond in troepen, op zoek naar voedsel. Tijdens deze zwerftochten steken ze regelmatig meertjes en beken over. Het zijn goede zwemmers.
Ze leven in kleine troepen van 4 à 20 dieren, bestaande uit een mannetje, enkele volwassen vrouwtjes en hun jongen. Meerdere troepen voegen zich soms samen tot groepen van 60 of meer zwijnen.
Penseelzwijnen worden in de vrije natuur ongeveer 15 jaar. In gevangenschap maximaal ruim 20 jaar.
Deze foto is gemaakt in de Krefelder Zoo in Krefeld, Duitsland.

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All rights reserved. Copyright © Martien Uiterweerd. All my images are protected under international authors copyright laws and may not be downloaded, reproduced, copied, transmitted or manipulated without my written explicit permission.
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AGO Bamum Peoples (Cameroon, Africa), Throne




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AFRIQUE. TOURNER LA PAGE DE LA SPOLIATION...les rois bamilékés exigeant de Paris l’accès gratuit aux musées français pour les Camerounais désireux d’admirer leurs propres œuvres exposées dans les collections de l’ex-puissance coloniale.

Dans une fable enjouée, Des lions comme des danseuses, l’écrivain Arno Bertina imaginait, il y a trois ans, une assemblée de rois bamilékés exigeant de Paris l’accès gratuit aux musées français pour les Camerounais désireux d’admirer leurs propres œuvres exposées dans les collections de l’ex-puissance coloniale.

Mi-hommes, mi-animaux, les trois totems trônent au coeur du musée du quai Branly à Paris. "Statues du royaume de Dahomey, don du général Dodds", stipule sobrement l'étiquette. Trésors pillés, rétorque le Bénin qui exige leur restitution.

Ces imposantes statues ont été "emportées" par les troupes françaises commandées par Alfred Amédée Dodds, lors du sac du palais d'Abomey, la capitale historique du Bénin actuel, en 1892.

La fiction annonçait un réel plus radical : un an plus tard, le Bénin réclamait officiellement à la France le retour des objets du trésor royal d’Abomey, pillé en 1892 par les troupes du général Dodds,

un butin de guerre aujourd’hui exposé au musée du quai Branly. L’Élysée enterra alors la -demande sans circonvolutions, une conseillère de François Hollande assurant même sans rire à l’Humanité que Béhanzin, le roi du Dahomey, avait « offert son trône, son sceptre et les statues de son père et de son grand-père de façon volontaire » aux conquérants.
L’an dernier, à Ouagadougou, Emmanuel Macron rouvrait le dossier, en promettant de favoriser une plus grande « circulation » des artefacts africains pillés durant la colonisation, avec la volonté affichée de réunir, « d’ici cinq ans », les conditions nécessaires à « des restitutions temporaires ou définitives du patrimoine africain ». Dans la foulée, une mission était confiée, en ce sens, à l’historienne de l’art Bénédicte Savoy et à l’universitaire sénégalais Felwine Sarr. Après huit mois de travail, les recommandations du rapport qu’ils doivent remettre, ce vendredi, à l’Élysée, vont beaucoup plus loin que les « restitutions temporaires » évoquées dans leur lettre de mission. Le duo préconise un retour définitif de ces trésors culturels pour tourner enfin la page d’un « système rationalisé d’exploitation patrimoniale, comparable à certains égards...Un débat désormais dépassé, voire "paternaliste", tranche le conservateur du musée de Dakar, El Hadji Malick Ndiaye. "Beaucoup de choses restent à faire, sur le personnel technique, la formation" mais il y a désormais en Afrique de "grandes institutions muséales, en Afrique du sud, au Kenya, au Mali, au Zimbabwe...", insiste-t-il.

"Il peut y avoir des coopérations pour s'assurer que les musées soient prêts à accueillir les objets restitués", ajoute Lazarre Eloundou, directeur adjoint de la division du patrimoine de l'Unesco, qui organise le 1er juin une conférence sur le sujet.

Le British Museum a proposé des prêts au Nigeria ou à l'Ethiopie, pillée lors d'une expédition britannique en 1868, mais rechigne à restituer des biens.

Le débat est plus avancé en Allemagne, sensibilisée à la question depuis les spoliations de l'ère nazie et elle-même pillée par l'Armée rouge. Plusieurs musées travaillent à identifier l'origine des milliers d'oeuvres issues de l'époque coloniale, quand l'Allemagne avait notamment la main sur le Cameroun, le Togo ou la Tanzanie. La provenance des objets qui seront exposés au Humboldt Forum, le grand musée ethnologique qui doit ouvrir à Berlin, sera explicitée.




Northern Talapoin Monkey

a little shocked talapoin monkey




Black Model Portfolio Photoshoot in Delhi India

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Showtime

molamongombe.soleil posted a photo:

Showtime




With the Legend, Henri Dikongue

Shutting down the city of Douala in a Live concert extra-ordinaire - with Henri Dikongué.




With Cameroonian Music Legend; Henri Dikongue

Gigantic Live concert with Henri Dikongué.




LeRoi Soleil

The Bass Guitar speaks to me deeper than anything else




GOVERNMENT OF CAMEROON B727 TJ-AAM

Shannon 1990s




Law Firm in Cameroon and Douala

Citadel Law Firm




Africa, a Change of Mind: How to Turn Away from Outdated Patterns...The Mind of Africa..the interaction of Western culture with African culture through the influence of formal education

The developmental patterns of Africa have long been strained by inefficiency, lack of sustainability, and the physical and mental heritage of oppressive postcolonialism. Yet today transformation toward a more innovative stewardship could surface, driven by a change in the underlying mindset by Africans themselves and also by growing opportunity for women by strategic self-conception. It could also become particularly important for future African-European relations
The figures investigates the histories of our inaccurate and stereotypical words and ideas and suggests alternatives. It talks about the whole of Africa as Africa because the issues discussed in the book are relevant for the whole. The zapped Africa focuses on white occidental myths about Africa—because they have been the most dominant, the most negative, and the most in need of change. Africa is, however, very much a part of the occidental subconscious. In the first part of the twentieth century, most peoples of the Western world believed that Africans could be subjugated because they were primitives, natives. During much of American history, a large majority of western governments considered racist beliefs and exploitation of Africa acceptable. Positive myths about Africa also serve Western self-definition. Those who are dissatisfied with modern globalization life might construct Africa to present viable alternatives.

The Mind of Africa

Dr. Abraham has brought to bear on the problems and prospects of the New Africa an approach which is the fruit of a thorough grounding in the philosophy of the Western world, combined with the natural commitment of a young African intellec- tual to the cause of African freedom. The result is an analysis of the complex processes of social and political change going on in Africa, which comhines (as Dr. Abraham justly claims in the Preface) “the externality of an outsider and the sensibility of one with an inward knowledge of things.” It is this factor, apart from the value of the factual material assembled, which makes his book one of the most significant contribu-
tions in recent years to an understanding of the forces at work in molding the social structure of the independent African states.
If one seeks a central theme, it is to be found in Dr. Abraham’s assertion of thc importance of ensuring that African culture is not destroyed by the impact of Western techniques and concepts. Notwithstanding their diversity, he maintains that all African communities present a number of ideas and attitudes which are common to African society as a whole. He identifies these and states crisply the issues that face AIrican leaders: what is there in African culture that may least disruptively be dis- carded? What is there that Western culture offers which may be taken over and inte- grated with African culture?
The first chapter is devoted to a discussion of the nature of culture. Dr. Abraham emphasizes the integrative function of culture by discussing its role in forging acommon bond among people both within and outside the sphere of activity subject to inter- vention by the state.
In the second chapter he undertakes a description and analysis of African culture, taking the Akan of Ghana as his paradigm. He starts with their religious beliefs, elaborating the central concept of a world which is shared by human beings, ancestral spirits, and gods. He then deals with the theory of government. Political power is shown to have been derived from popular consensus. The power of the traditional ruler was always subject to well recognized limitations: no important decision could he taken without discussion permitting all views to be put forward; a ruler acting con- trary to the opinion of his people-as indicated by the advice of his counsellors-or neglecting affairs of state, could be removed. On the other hand, once consensus had been achieved by full and free discussion, there was no toleration of a dissenting view- point. “Such luxuriesas minority reports were ...foreign to the political arrangements of the Akans.” A short description of the legal system brings out its important features, namely the absence of separation between the executive and the judicial power in the state, and the failure to draw a clear dividing line between civil and criminal offences. The remainder of the chapter describes Akan literature and discusses the interaction of Western culture with Akan culture through the influence of formal education, the
missionary, and commercial activity.
In the third chapter Dr. Abraham turns to the contemporary scene in Africa. After
a discussion of the effects of colonial rule, he applies himself to the problem of main- taining democracy in the new states. He examines the institutions and processes re- garded as essential in the Western conception of democratic government, and shows how accepted ideas on these matters fail to take into account the special circumstances of the independent states of Africa. While he agrees on the need for “a judiciary which
Book Reviews 911
is reasonably impartial,” he rejects the proposition that democracy is impossible with- out a plurality of parties.
The fourth and final chapter puts the case for African unity within the framework of a realistic assessment of the relevant factors. Economic resources, actual and poten- tial, are surveyed, and the importance of shared history and common culture stressed; but there are warnings against the dangers of tribalism, and the risk of a mass party being in fact controlled by a small elite not animated by the ideals which brought the party to power.
Dr. Abraham concludes his book by reminding his readers that while it has been said that it took the United States 170 years to achieve unity, there are pressures operating on Africa which justify the belief that Pan-African progress is likely to be faster. The establishment last year of the Organization of African Unity is an encourag- ing endorsement by African politicians of the judgment of a young African intellectual.
Copper Town: Changing Africa. The Human Situation on the Rhodesian Copperbelt. HORTENSPEOWDERMAKNEewR.York and Evanston: Harper & Row, Publishers 1962. xxiii, 391 pp., index, 1 map, notes, plates, references, 16 tables. $7.95.
Reviewed by C . FRANTPZo,rtland State College With one month’s notice, the author went to Luanshya, the urban development surrounding the Roan Antelope Mine, intending to explore the transmission of Euro- American culture via mass media. She postulated that leisure activities, being largely voluntary, might serve as an index of individual and social change. Africans were trained to administer a questionnaire to a “sample” of Copperbelt adults and to take notes during conversations and activities in homes, at public meetings, and during movies. Selective depth interviews, casual visits and participation, and the use of topical essays written by intermediate and adult students on their values, aspirations,
and images were also used to procure information.
The data gained about African attitudes and behavior contributed sufficient insights
that Powdermaker decided to expand her study and give primary attention to the general processes of individual and social change. In her view the direction of all change, whether organic, psychological, cultural, or social, is from differentiation toward convergence. But in analyzing her own and others’ data, she borrows heavily from psychoanalytic theory, especially Erickson’s work on ego-identity.
The study explores some of the general characteristics of tribal life in Northern Rhodesia before Europeans arrived. I t is said that family life, especially, unavoidably generated both conscious and unconscious hostility and anxiety; this in turn had to be channeled through witchcraft, quarreling, alcohol consumption, or other mechanisms. Breast-feeding established relationships of trust and stability between mother and child, but an unsatisfactory resolution of the weaning crisis provoked much insecurity. Still, the breast provided a symbolic model for many adult relationships, especially those involving authority. However, the social system did not encourage individuals to become autonomous by seeking spontaneous growth or self-awareness, as the chil- dren had a nearly complete role identification with adults. Since a “developed” identity and greater autonomy of the self was atypical, .4fricans have generally been “fixated” at the oral level.
Until Europeans arrived with new values and goals the Africans had no signifi- cantly differentadult models available to them. The foreigners’ presence produced both social and personal strain, yet their missionary and educational activities “may” have produced individuals who become “more successful’’ in adult socialization.

anthrosource.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1525/aa.1...




Impressions from Bamenda in Cameroon, Africa

Eindrücke aus Bamenda in Kamerun, Afrika





Imagens automaticamente encarregadas desde flickr com para tags : (cameroun,cameroon)