News : Development

In Ivory Coast, Ivanka Trump talks women's rights

Ivanka Trump met with the vice president of Ivory Coast as part of a trip to Africa focused on women's economic development. (

Accelerating economic development through digital in Africa

The explosion of digital in Africa continues to gain momentum and digital, data, AI and the emergence of the fintech sector are all fast becoming the driving force behind this growth. The growing use of big data, mobile, cloud computing and artificial intelligence gives organisations the ability to re-imagine client experiences, deliver products & services [&hellip (

Disney+ Signs ‘Chef’s Table’ Producers to Overall Deal, First Nonfiction Pact for Streaming Service

Disney+ has signed Supper Club, producers of Netflix’s docuseries “Chef’s Table,” to an exclusive multi-year production deal, which is the first nonfiction pact for the upcoming streaming service.

Supper Club, led by David Gelb, Brian McGinn and Jason Sterman, will create franchise-based and original-concept nonfiction programming for the streaming service as well as other platforms and networks within The Walt Disney Company. The company already has 2 projects in development for Disney+.

Disney+, the company’s upcoming Netflix competitor, will be centered around five brands: Disney, Marvel, LucasFilm, Pixar and National Geographic. Disney+ will be formally unveiled Thursday during an investor event and will launch towards the end of this year.

Also Read: Billy Crystal and John Goodman to Reprise 'Monsters, Inc' Roles in Disney+ Series

“We are thrilled Jason, David and Brian will bring their distinct perspectives and genuine narrative vision exclusively to Disney,” said Agnes Chu, senior vice president, Content, Disney+. “As some of the world’s greatest nonfiction storytellers, Supper Club will be a crucial, creative force for Disney+ as we build a platform for compelling, personal, and authentic programming.”

Supper Club’s first two series for Disney+ will be “Marvel 616” (working title) and “Earthkeepers” (wt).

“Marvel 616” is an anthological documentary series exploring the intersection between Marvel’s rich legacy of stories, characters and creators and the real world. Told through the lens of a diverse group of filmmakers, each documentary will dive into the rich historical, cultural and societal context that has become inseparable from stories of the Marvel Universe. The series is produced by Marvel New Media in partnership with Supper Club. Executive Produced by Joe Quesada, Stephen Wacker, Shane Rahmani, John Cerilli, Harry Go and Sarah Amos for Marvel.

Also Read: How Disney Could Shake Up Fox Film Slate, Starting With Brad Pitt's 'Ad Astra'

In Marvel comics, “Earth-616” is the name given to the prime universe where the majority of Marvel’s stories take place.

“Earthkeepers” (working title) is a cinematic documentary series that centers on the adventurous lives of the people changing the way we see the animal kingdom. The episodes focus on conservationists and the animals they’ve devoted their career to studying, diving deep into the personal trials and professional breakthroughs of protecting the planet’s most endangered species.

Disney+ also has eight other non-fiction projects in development that include:

Also Read: 'High Fidelity' Series Starring Zoe Kravitz Moves From Disney+ to Hulu

“Be Our Chef”

What if your family had the chance to create the next great Disney Parks dish? Hosted by Angela Kinsey (“The Office”), “Be Our Chef” invites families from diverse backgrounds to join a positive and playful Disney-inspired cooking competition at Walt Disney World. In each episode, two families will participate in a themed challenge based on their family traditions and the magic of Disney. The finalists will apply what they have learned to create a dish that represents their family through a Disney lens. The winner’s magical food creation will become a signature dish or treat served at Walt Disney World.

“Be Our Chef” is produced by INE Entertainment with Eric Day and Mark Koops serving as producers.

“Cinema Relics: Iconic Art of the Movies (working title)”

“Cinema Relics: Iconic Art of the Movies” is an anthology series that takes a unique look at beloved films through the props & costumes (now modern ‘artifacts’) that made them unique – from the craftspeople who created them, the actors who interacted with them, and the collectors  and archives who own and cherish them. The show will be hosted by film historian/collector Dan Lanigan.  Among the films featured in the first eight episodes are “Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl,” “Mary Poppins,” “The Muppet Movie,” “Tron,” and “Who Framed Roger Rabbit?”

“Cinema Relics” is produced by ABC Studios and executive produced by Jason Henry and Dan Lanigan.


Executive producer Kristen Bell brings together former castmates of a high school musical, tasking them with re-creating their original performance in a high school reunion like no other. Emotions run high as the former students face faded friendships, former flames, self-doubt, and killer choreography. Through it all, these unlikely groups of friends–with the help of Broadway’s best–just might pull off a standing-ovation-worthy performance of beloved musicals like “The Sound of Music,” “Beauty and the Beast,” “Annie,” and more.

“Encore!” was created by Jason Cohen, and is executive produced by Cohen, Kristen Bell, Alycia Rossiter, Will Gluck, Richard Schwartz, Jim Roush and Chris Wagner.

“Marvel’s Hero Project”

“Marvel’s Hero Project” reveals the remarkable, positive change several young heroes are making in their own communities. These inspiring kids have dedicated their lives to selfless acts of bravery and kindness, and now, Marvel celebrates them as the true Super Heroes they are.

“Marvel’s Hero Project” is produced by Marvel New Media in partnership with Maggievision Productions. Executive Produced by Joe Quesada, Stephen Wacker, Shane Rahmani, Liza Wyles and Sarah Amos for Marvel and Maura Mandt and John Hirsch for MaggieVision Productions.


In “(Re)Connect,” each episode features one family with a modern day, relatable issue that’s driving a wedge between them. Issues range from workaholic parents, overly competitive siblings, technology addiction, or a family secret that has recently been revealed. All of these families have reached a breaking point, and it’s time for them to disconnect from their busy lives, devices and outside influences in order to address their issues head-on. With the help of a specialized expert, each family will go on a unique journey that organically ties to the issues they are facing in order to confront the family’s dilemma head-on. Can they finally come together as a family to overcome their obstacles … and reconnect?

“(Re)Connect” is produced by Milojo Productions and Talos Films. Mark Consuelos, Kelly Ripa, and Albert Bianchini of Milojo Productions, and Julian P. Hobbs and Elli Hakami of Talos Films serve as executive producers.

“Rogue Trip”

“Rogue Trip” is a travel guide to all the places the average tourist is least likely to venture – the roguish, often misunderstood and frequently overlooked corners of the world whose hidden corners surprise, amaze and inspire. This is the family vacation most of us are unlikely to take – but we do so vicariously with the intrepid Bob Woodruff and his 27-year old doppelgänger son, Mack.

“Rogue Trip” is executive produced by Jeanmarie Condon and Mack and Bob Woodruff for Lincoln Square Productions.

“Shop Class” (wt)

A new competition series, “Shop Class” features teams of inventive students who are tasked with designing, building, and testing new contraptions.  In each episode, a panel of experts will rate their work based on engineering, design, and the final test of the build.  In the last episode, one team will be named Shop Class Champs.

John Stevens and Spike Feresten of Hangar 56 Media and Richard Rawlings of Production Monkey are producing.

Untitled Walt Disney Imagineering Documentary Series

The documentary series chronicles the 65+ year history of Walt Disney Imagineering with parallel storylines of the people, the craft, and the business. Created by director and producer Leslie Iwerks, the series includes exclusive interviews and never-before-seen footage from Disney’s parks around the world.

Related stories from TheWrap:

Inside CinemaCon 2019: Disney's Might, Hollywood's Diversity and 'F– Netflix'

Tiffany Haddish Rules, Disney Dominates and Other Takeaways From CinemaCon 2019

Disney's Alan Horn and Fox's Emma Watts Address Merger: 'We're Living Through a Lot of Change'


India's eCommerce Policy: NOT a 'Bollywood Drama' but an Adaptation of Script of Acts from Elsewhere

The draft e-commerce policy paper of the Ministry of Commerce and Industry of India raises valid observations concerning some of the imbalances, such as, on the excessive advantages gained by the "first movers" in the private sector, which implies advantages gained by the first -mover States on the Internet, on some of the prevailing gaps in the space and also on concerns about the abusive practices by a few e-commerce platforms and vendors. Most of these concerns are best addressed globally, in a manner attuned to the emerging processes of Internet Governance, rather than by parallel, superfluous and disconnected national/regional legislation.

The Ministry appears to be responding to the GDPR by drafting an India-centric regulatory framework, not only on data issues but on broader e-commerce concerns. Both the GDPR (despite its timely attention to the privacy crisis, its various merits and its relative fairness), for its European scope and Eurocentric references, and India's national e-commerce policy, for its India-centric undertone, are unhelpful. Regional regulations responded to by competing Regional and National regulations, one following another in succession, each in its own way seeking to protect the respective National and Regional interests, disturb the harmony of the space that is meant to be borderless and global.

There appear to be signs of a war between legislatures, which is seen reflected in the policy process across continents. In response to America First, Europe says Europe First, then India says India first and, one after another pass National Laws; rather than level the playing field, these governmental processes widen the gulf, makes the playing field into an area of rough, disconnected terrain.

This draft policy has NOT turned out to be "contemporaneous with challenges," but follows some of the misdirections occurring across continents in matters of Internet Governance. Rather than pursue this trend of national and extra-territorial legislative forays, India should instead OPPOSE Europe and oppose the United States on certain specific gaps in their legislative attention to Internet issues; SUPPORT some of their good steps while seeking to make those good clauses global in scope and globally balanced. Augment the scope of solutions by arguing to include aspects such as Copyright excesses, business transparency and consumer interests. India is among the first of the nations to propose solutions such as 3.8, 3.15 , 3.16 and Sections (E) Authentic Ratings and Reviews (F) Consumer Oriented Customer Service with a view to ensure fairness in e-commerce. If proposals such as these form part of Global Internet Policy, it would be of immense value to the whole world.

The path towards prosperity is beyond borders. Reinforcing the trade borders obstructs the path unintended. Despite unchecked abuses by a few e-commerce companies and e-commerce platforms, what India requires to do is move away from the remnants of a historical mindset on anything foreign, trust the Internet, and, participate with total trust in the global Internet processes, and also in other relevant global processes towards freer flow of goods and services and knowledge. On the free and open Internet with minimal restraints, more of e-commerce would be fair to India, if not likely to be of at least marginally more than proportionate advantage to Indian businesses and individual service providers.

The draft, as published, isn't forward-looking, but seeks to turn progress backward:

A Textile Technologist spoke of a time, not long ago, when a Textile Mill in India required a license that was so rigid in terms of production capacity licensed to the unit that there were processes specified even to replace worn out machinery; the new machinery should not increase the licensed capacity, and the process of replacement required the physical presence of a Representative from the Textile Ministry to supervise the scraping of the worn out machinery: a worn-out weaving machine had to break into pieces with blows to the machine's frame in a prescribed manner to ensure that the broken frame was conclusively rendered useless. This was the era where the Government sought to regulate everything by its licensing policy across sectors. It was not legal for an automobile company with a license to manufacture a rigid volume (in thousands) of three wheel automobiles to add a fourth wheel.

That kept India decades behind the more developed nations in terms of technological and overall progress. In the 80s, there were some changes and in the early 90s the Government of India began economic reforms which caused considerable progress; India wasn't behind at all in the age of Computers and mobile telephones, and (despite having reservations due to a still persistent uneasiness of the unknown) India has done well on the Internet.

The Ministry's draft policy mirrors the negative spirit of India's Textiles Licencing Policy of the first five or six five year plans of India. The draft clauses of this e-commerce policy are not unlike the terms of the rigid licensing requirements- regulatory freeze on the manufacturing capacity of (big) mills, stipulations on cotton storage, import restrictions, export restrictions, hank yarn obligations and several other clueless centralized regulations that stymied overall economic progress for 50 years.

At home, the draft national e-commerce policy seeks to turn the clock way backwards; On the world stage, while the world moves towards trust-based, Permissionless global technologies such as crypto-currencies and blockchain, the Commerce Ministry's proposals seek to introduce a licensing regime for e-commerce. This nationalistic overture would invariably threaten to de-globalize the Internet while hurting India in the process.

Comments on Specific Sections / Clauses of the draft Policy

Comments on Executive Summary:

"Conditions are required to be adhered to by business entities which have access to sensitive data of Indian users stored abroad.".

Separation of Indian data from that of global data is a legally complex process. What is Indian data? Data collected in India or data on Indian nationals? What happens when data collected in India is that of other nationals? Or, what happens when data collected is that of an Indian national and another at the same time? Or that of multiple jurisdictional issues? Would the process of regulating data result in data usage fairness rather than merely shift any unfairness from 'foreign' commercial entities to Indian commercial entities and from 'foreign' governments to Indian Government? Transfer control from beyond borders to within borders? Or transfer ownership from business to government? Would this overture lead to a balance or merely replace one form of unfairness with a different form of unfairness? There are many, many questions on the complex issue of data ownership. Some of the examples cited on Community ownership of data provide a good start, but it is not helpful to propose multiple national and regional directives, each seeking to contain data within their respective geographies.

On the Internet space, it would be fair if the India specific draft clause is aspirationally amended to propose 'Conditions are required to be adhered to by business entities and Governments, who cause data to be collected, and/or have access to data, sensitive or monetizable, of All users from anywhere, stored anywhere in the world'.

The Commerce Ministry says in the first part of the same sentence that it wants to crack down on data, and in the next part recognizes that data is valuable and useful. How would this seeming contradiction of really no absolutes to be reconciled? Perhaps inventively conceive global Data Exchanges without the fallacies, conflicts and omissions of an Exchange Commission?

Comments on Section (B) Other strategies relating to e-commerce marketplaces:

"All ecommerce sites/apps available for download in India must have a registered business entity in India as the importer on record or as the entity through which all sales in India are transacted."

Would the Ministry of Commerce, by the same spirit, expect and make it easy for Indian e-commerce entrepreneurs, big and small, to be resourceful, willing and free to open offices in 200 countries, comply with 200 different regulatory frameworks, operate 200 geographical data centers, one in each country to store and process the respective geographical data, and also open 200 bank accounts to process revenues locally (and keep the money within the respective geographies) as might be required to follow local e-commerce regulatory requirements in 200 countries as other nations and regions might follow the Indian example?

Comments on Section C Anti-counterfeiting and D Anti Piracy measures:

There is a long list of clauses 3.9 to 3.20 (a, b, c, d) on counterfeiting and piracy almost as if this were the only problem on e-commerce space. This excessive emphasis on the counterfeiting issue indicates a possibility that the Trademark and Copyright lobbies were probably given a disproportionately long, attentive hearing so much so that the text in these sections read like a TradeMark and Copyright wishlist. (happens elsewhere in the world)

Comments on (E)Authentic Ratings and Reviews

This section proposes clauses that are exemplary: 3.21 on transparency and non-discrimination of ratings and reviews and 3.22 that requires Marketplaces to devise mechanisms to prevent fraudulent reviews and ratings by the sellers and their affiliates: These clauses could be proposed globally and involve stakeholders in the multistakeholder Internet Governance process for ease of achievement by a combination of good practices, community initiatives and an occasional touch of Government attention.

Comments on (F)Consumer Oriented Customer Service

Another proposal of possibly immense value to the whole world.

Comments on Section IV Regulatory Issues:

The draft states "Businesses find that once scale beyond a certain point is reached, it makes entry into that area by a 'second comer' next to impossible."

Elsewhere the draft says "A handful of companies today dominate the digital economy. They are successfully exploiting the significant first mover's advantage in the data-driven ecosystem."

If the concern is that "Barriers to entry are especially difficult for start-ups and small businesses to breach," the proposed policy is propelled in the reverse direction of inventively establishing barriers where none exist visibly (unseen barriers are to be addressed). The first-movers' primary advantage is in Permissionless Innovation and other Core Internet Values. Excessive regulatory requirements would have the unintended consequences of altering the Core Values and removing the advantage of the Permissionless nature of the Internet space to the detriment of potential entrepreneurs from India and elsewhere resulting in barriers to invent and introduce alternate products and services that would surpass the goodness and growth of the products and services of the first movers, perhaps even without hurting the first movers in the process.

"size begets size: ... an e-commerce platform, social media network or search engine" Why would the Government of India be overwrought with the size of Amazon or Alibaba, Facebook or Google? These first-movers have grown by introducing the first generation of Internet applications such as a first generation e-commerce portal, a social network of certain features and a search engine that happens to be dominant today. So long as the Internet ecosystem prevails unaltered, the next Facebook (in terms of size, not implying a similar product or service) could emerge from India, the next Google could emerge from Africa and the next Amazon from Europe and would succeed even without tricky practices of anti-competitive consequences that the Commerce Ministry is rightly concerned about. The observation that "entry into that area by a 'second comer' next to impossible." is an unfounded concern. There are generations of innovations to come, newer and more disruptive technologies to emerge. Permissionless, new entrepreneurs, would progress as swiftly, possibly at an even faster pace.

Comment on Strategies: A. Interdisciplinary nature of e-commerce:

Two distinct comments on this:

Section A is replete with regulatory terminology: "Statutes", "Laws", "Act", "Rules", "amendments", "category", "inter-state", "regulation'..... Nope. That is not how the Internet works.

Rather than constitute a "Standing Group of Secretaries on ecommerce (SGoS)", Hon' Minister for Commerce together with the Hon' Minister for IT, could recommend to the Prime Minister and to the Cabinet to create a Ministry for Internet which could draw relevant experts from the Ministries of Commerce, IT, Law and Consumer Affairs, recruit stakeholders from User and Business groups, include youth from across various backgrounds by an unprecedented Government process, all of which, not only to address the challenges of the interdisciplinary nature of e-commerce, but more broadly to address the intricacies of Internet Governance. Internet isn't a sector such as Telecom or Aviation; the Internet isn't merely Commerce or Broadcasting, it is an atmosphere or eco-system that is a global pavilion beyond categorization and ought to be considered above categorization. The peculiarities of this space require a vivid understanding of the unseen goodness and unknown potential of the immense and far-reaching benefits it could benevolently bring to the world we live in.

Comment on Section B: Data Lens

It is a very good idea "to reserve its right to seek disclosure of source code and algorithms":
more widely and far more effectively done by championing from a High Level for Open Standards and Interoperability through global Internet Governance processes.

Comment Summary

Internet is a completely different space that requires a new approach altogether, still mostly undefined and yet to be vividly conceived, for its Governance.

India should be initiating a process to find and establish a certain form of order by a hitherto unknown and yet undefined process rather than propose laws, processes, rules, statutes, regulations, and directives, that happen to be India-centric and out of tune just as other National and Regional Laws respectively are. These laws are incongruous in varying degrees — all geographic laws are, only the degree of incongruity varies. Incongruous because space is NOT regional, not national. What this space requires is rtam and harmony. No existing process would do what it takes to define and program this into Internet Governance, but India could ask to look beyond known global processes. The Internet space is beyond geographies and conceals within a celestial potential to find solutions to the Development paradoxes that have defied solution so far. The Internet requires a completely different, elevated thinking, way ahead of and above all known processes.

India has often been cited for finding an inherent "order from chaos." The complex issues that are superficially chaotic on the Internet have an underlying order that needs to be identified, defined and strengthened.

What could India do to help?

Written by Sivasubramanian M, CEO, Turiya and President, Internet Society India Chennai


ICT remains one of the biggest industries in South Africa

The ICT sector has one of South Africa’s biggest job markets and is also one of the biggest contributors to the economy. This is according to the State of ICT report published by the Independent Communications Authority of South Africa (ICASA). The report represents the development and performance of the telecommunications, broadcasting and postal services. [&hellip (

‘The Lehman Trilogy’ Theater Review: Sam Mendes Directs a Family’s Financial Undoing

When a play holds your attention for three hours or more, the writer, with help from a gifted director, must be doing something right. While much of the theatergoing public thinks it’s a plus to escape a play in fewer than 90 minutes, a growing number of writers are taking the time to let their stories unfold, their characters develop. It’s almost a trend among new plays on the boards in New York City. In addition to the long-running “Harry Potter and the Cursed Child” on Broadway, there’s currently Suzan-Lori Parks’s “White Noise” at the Public, Jeremy O. Harris’s “Daddy” at the Pershing Square, and Jez Butterworth’s “The Ferryman” on Broadway. And now there’s also Stefano Massini’s “The Lehman Trilogy,” which opened Wednesday at the Park Avenue Armory for a limited run.

The three-act “Lehman Trilogy” clocks in at three hours and 20 minutes, and was originally conceived as a radio play that lasted five hours on Italy’s Rai Radio 3. It first aired in 2012, but soon took form as a play that traveled throughout Europe before it landed last year at London’s National Theatre, where Sam Mendes directed the English translation by Ben Power. It’s that production that plays the Armory until April 20 before returning to London to open on the West End later this spring.

“The Lehman Trilogy” at the Armory remains very much a radio play, albeit a shorter one than the original. It’s an American saga of three real-life Jewish immigrants from Bavaria who, pre-Civil War, arrive in Alabama to open a little shop that grows to become the fourth-largest investment bank in the United States before going spectacularly bankrupt in 2008.

Also Read: 'Ain't No Mo

The audacity of “The Lehman Trilogy” is that Mendes’ direction keeps it radio-play simple. The three Lehman brothers are played by Simon Russell Beale (Henry), Adam Godley (Mayer) and Ben Miles (Emanuel) — who also play the brothers’ wives, children and a few dozen other characters that all wear the same black long coats (the serviceable costumes are by Katrina Lindsay) that the men wore upon first stepping foot in America.

The three actors don’t so much perform the story as they tell it to us, complete with “he said” and “she said.” (Those who sat through “Gatz,” the eight-hour reading of “The Great Gatsby,” will recognize the experience.) But it’s best not to close your eyes simply to listen. The vast Armory space is now a proscenium stage, complete with a curtain that rises to reveal Es Devlin’s revolving transparent glass box set. It features one large modern board room, an office lounge, and another smaller room filled with packing boxes that often make their way to the other two rooms to function as chairs, stairs, counter tops, a tower and a kind of crypt (the brothers have nightmares).

As the glass box turns, this way and then that way, the three actors walk from room to room. Occasionally the box stops, and that’s generally when a full scene is either enacted or told to us, but not always. The stock market crash of 1929 sees Robert Lehman (Godley), the son of Philip Lehman (Beale), as he attempts to keep the company afloat despite nagging from his wife (also played by Beale) and Philip, while a dozen or so stockbrokers (played by Miles) commit suicide.

I grew up thinking that most of these financial types jumped out the office window, but “The Lehman Trilogy” tells us that many preferred blowing their heads off with a pistol.

Also Read: 'White Noise' Theater Review: Daveed Diggs Dazzles in Suzan-Lori Parks' New Race Fantasy

It’s a tour de force of direction and writing and Devlin’s set rarely rests under Jon Clark’s always dramatic lighting. Better yet, the designer’s big glass box is framed by a IMAX-like cyclorama that keeps updating us on the physical rise of Manhattan’s ever-changing skyline — until we’re literally swamped in nothing but office buildings (stunning videos by Luke Halls). Also thrilling is the depiction of a plantation fire much earlier in the story that the first Lehman brothers exploit to grow their store from a pop-and-pop operation to a major force in the cotton business.

We learn a lot about cotton in “The Lehman Trilogy.” We learn almost nothing about the coffee business, even though it made the boys far more money — or so we are told. Massini performs that kind of sleight-of-hand throughout the evening. For instance, while we’re being dazzled by Mendes’ direction of the 1929 stock market crash, we never learn how Robert Lehman actually saved the company — except that he worked hard.

Also, sometime right before that 20th-cenury financial meltdown, much character development goes on during the play’s second intermission. Philip Lehman morphs into the doddering old dad after being the resident genius and Robert Lehman switches from artsy dilettante son to the new resident genius.

Also Read: 'Nantucket Sleigh Ride' Theater Review: John Guare Takes a Big Dip Off the Island

From watching “The Lehman Trilogy,” one might get the idea that the Lehmans were intimately involved with the popularization of cigarette smoking or the creation of the atomic bomb or the making of the movie “King Kong.” These cultural signposts sparkle, catch our attention and then are dropped. That’s the thing about investment. Or as Massini repeatedly tells us: When money is only words it doesn’t really exist. And neither is it very dramatic. Perhaps that’s why “The Lehman Trilogy” spends so much time on the courtships of the Lehman men to such unremarkable women.

Since Act 3 begins with the stock market crash and takes up about half an hour, I began to wonder how Massini was going to explain the 2008 bankruptcy of the Lehman Bros. It’s why I wanted to see “The Lehman Trilogy.”

He doesn’t explain it.

Robert Lehman was the last of the clan involved with the company, and before dying in 1969, he added a trading division run by an evil Hungarian named Lew Glucksman (Miles), who made the company more money than any of the Lehmans ever thought possible. Glucksman eventually bought out an evil Greek named Pete Peterson (Beale), who had been president, and faster than anyone can say “We’re a car with no brakes!” the show is over.

Also Read: 'If Pretty Hurts Ugly Must Be a Muhf-a' Theater Review: That Title Is a Problem

Almost a decade ago, a play from London titled “Enron” opened and quickly closed on Broadway. It bored, but I learned everything I wanted to know about the Enron disaster. I learned next to nothing from “The Lehman Trilogy” about why Lehman Bros. went belly up. But I wasn’t bored.

Nor was I riveted. Occasionally, my mind wandered to wonder how three immigrant Jews could encounter so little discrimination in Montgomery, Alabama, in the middle of the 19th century. Or, why was I having to watch all those tedious Lehman wives?

This is probably also a minority report. New York critics can’t heap enough praise on actors from the other side of the Atlantic. While Beale and Godley are fine playing the adult male Lehmans, their impersonations of women, children and rednecks are sometimes cringe-worthy. Miles brings to mind Christoph Waltz, especially when he’s playing the German-accented Emanuel Lehman. But Miles lacks Waltz’s humor. Whether telling us about the Civil War or the coffee exchange or a tightrope walker on Wall Street, Miles delivers everything with the same leaden portentousness.

Related stories from TheWrap:

'Ain't No Mo" Theater Review: Barack Obama Pilots a One-Way Flight to Africa in This Sharp Satire

'White Noise' Theater Review: Daveed Diggs Dazzles in Suzan-Lori Parks' New Race Fantasy

'Nantucket Sleigh Ride' Theater Review: John Guare Takes a Big Dip Off the Island


Guadeloupe Moves to Set Up Internet Exchange Point

Developments in the Caribbean digital space are fuelling initiatives to strengthen the Internet infrastructure in the region. In Guadeloupe, a recent agreement among three Internet service providers has cleared the way for the island to establish its first Internet exchange point.

Commonly called an IX or an IXP, an Internet exchange point is a critical element of Internet infrastructure used to interconnect networks and deliver data traffic between them. There are hundreds of IXPs in the world, with more than a dozen already in the Caribbean in countries including Belize, Curacao, Grenada, Haiti, St Maarten and Trinidad and Tobago. The IXPs in the Caribbean are already providing benefits to Internet users in those countries. IXPs improve the Internet experience for users by reducing the time it takes for internet traffic to flow between participating networks. They strengthen the resilience of local networks, and facilitate the development of local Internet content and services.

Three of Guadeloupe's Internet service providers — Dauphin Telecom, Orange Caraïbe and SFR — signaled their intent to grow the Caribbean Internet by signing a memorandum of understanding that outlines the terms for the region's newest IXP, called GIX.

"Infrastructure is the foundation of a strong Internet," said Eve Riboud, chief executive at Dauphin Telecom.

The three competitors control some 80 percent of the local market of residential and mobile Internet users.

The memorandum was also signed by Guadeloupe Data Centre, who will host GIX, and by Guadeloupe Tech, a professional association of entrepreneurs, businesses and Internet service providers operating in the island's growing digital space.

"All GuadeloupeTech members are members of GIX," said Betty Fausta, President of GuadeloupeTech.

With GuadeloupeTech on board, GIX could have a relatively large and diverse group of participants with the potential to create local content that could generate local traffic across the local service providers' networks.

"At the end of the day, the IXP is about economics. In order to gain value from the IXP, you need to clearly understand how much local content there is to begin with, and what will drive the production of more local content. Therefore, clarifying that understanding should be a common project among all ISPs, because they all want more local traffic traversing their networks. For this reason, local content must be a key consideration for developing the appropriate operational model for the IXP," said Kevon Swift, Head of Strategic Relations and Integration at the Latin America and Caribbean Internet Addresses Registry (LACNIC).

This initiative is also benefitting from Guadeloupe's recent accession to the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS). The OECS Commission and ARIN in 2018 established a memorandum of understanding to collaborate on the development of the Internet in Eastern Caribbean.

"An exciting new chapter of cooperation, filled with possibility, has commenced between the French Territory and its English-speaking Caribbean neighbours. The Internet is a significant enabler of economic development, social networking and cultural exchange. The establishment of an Internet exchange in Guadeloupe will provide opportunity for collaboration, knowledge and information sharing to expand and strengthen the digital ties within the sub-region," said Bevil Wooding, Caribbean Outreach Manager at ARIN and the co-founder of the Caribbean Peering and Interconnection Forum (CarPIF).

"IXPs in the Caribbean will be central topic of focus at the upcoming CarPIF 2019 meeting in Grenada from June 11 to 13, 2019. We look forward to welcoming Internet service providers and content developers from Guadeloupe to the forum to share lessons learnt from the Caribbean IX experience and insights from the global IX arena."

GIX will also have the support of the Caribbean Telecommunications Union (CTU), an inter-governmental agency, and Packet Clearing House, the international organisation responsible for providing operational support and security to critical Internet infrastructure, including IXPs and the core of the domain name system of the Internet, or DNS.

"Packet Clearing House has collaborated successfully with the CTU and countries in the Caribbean to establish IXPs in the region," said Gaël Hernandez, Interconnection Policy and Regulatory Affairs Manager at Packet Clearing House. "We stand ready to assist Guadeloupe in their efforts to establish a local IX."

The signing took place on the closing day of the sixth annual edition of Startup Guadeloupe, a digital innovation summit hosted by GuadeloupeTech in Baie-Mahault and Le Gosier from March 22 to 23, 2019. 

Written by Gerard Best, Development Journalist


Tax reform, digitisation key to financing development

Africa must digitise its economies, broaden its tax base, prevent further deterioration of fiscal and debt positions, and aim for double-digit growth to achieve the UN 2030 global goals (SDGs), and the AU Agenda 2063 according to the 2019 Economic Report on Africa released today at the Conference of Ministers. This year’s Economic Report on [&hellip (

Libya: The effects of the Hand of Satan

Libya: The effects of the Hand of Satan In 2011, NATO launched an illegal, savage attack against the country with the Highest Human Development Index in Africa. Let us see where Libya stands today. When Cameron, Sarkozy, Obama, Clinton and that sickening clique of warmongering, interfering, imperialist thugs decided to attack Libya in 2011, in an attack planned and orchestrated for months in advance, they told us their fight was not against the people of Libya. Looking at Libya today, who were they fooling and who is suffering? Under international law regarding the scope of applicability, there are rules as to the wanton and brazen use of force turning a peaceful situation into an ongoing theater of conflict. Why then have those responsible not been held to account? (

Promoting Pan-African growth and development with cryptocurrency

Against the backdrop of numerous national currencies affecting trade and growth on the continent, the AFRO provides a reliable, safe and secure solution suited to Africa’s development challenges First 200,000 Wallets to Receive 50 Free AFROs AFRO Foundation, a non-governmental organisation based in Geneva, Switzerland, launched the AFRO, first Pan-African cryptocurrency dedicated to growth and [&hellip (

The Innovation Hub appoints new CEO in South Africa

Gauteng Growth and Development Agency and The Innovation Hub Board Members have announced the appointment of Advocate Pieter Holl as the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of The Innovation Hub. Advocate Pieter Holl succeeds Dr McLean Sibanda and was the Acting CEO from June to November 2018. Prior to joining The Innovation Hub, Advocate Pieter Holl [&hellip (

Liquid Telecom receives $180m investment to expand its high-speed broadband connectivity

Pan-African telecoms group Liquid Telecom has reached an agreement with CDC Group Plc, the UK’s development finance institution, to invest $180m with the company. This investment will enable Liquid Telecom to expand its high-speed broadband connectivity to some of the most underserved communities across the African continent, including supporting Africa’s thriving tech start-up ecosystem with [&hellip (

The ITU 2018 Plenipotentiary Conference: An Analyst's Long-Arc Perspective (

Cuban President Miguel Díaz-Canel's Meeting With Tech Company Executives (

ICANN - A Catalyst for Development (

Desert solar initiative to make Africa a renewables power-house

The details of the “Desert to Power Initiative” have been outlined as part of the Paris Agreement climate change talks at COP24 in Katowice, Poland. Energy poverty in Africa is estimated to cost the continent 2-4 % GDP annually, according to the African Development Bank (AfDB), which is leading the project. The Initiative aims to [&hellip (

Fifa and France sign agreement on African football development

Football's world governing body Fifa and the French Football Federation (FFF) sign an agreement aimed at developing football in Francophone Africa. (

Sasol Energy invests in math labs for Manyano High School

Sasol Energy has partnered with the SA Medical & Education (SAME) Foundation to renovate and equip mathematics laboratories at the Manyano High School in Khayelitsha, Western Cape as part of South Africa’s 2030 education goals set out in the National Development Plan. The high school delivers high-quality education to nearly 1,300 learners in a community [&hellip (

Grace Gummer Joins Nat Geo’s ‘The Hot Zone’ in Recurring Role (Exclusive) (

African countries drive towards integration

Participants to the 13th African Economic Conference called for African countries to leverage the full range of their strengths and resources to accelerate the region’s drive towards continental integration. Themed “Regional and Continental Integration for Africa’s Development” the 2018 AEC, jointly organized by the United Nations Development Programme, the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, [&hellip (

My Political Journey | Former PM P.J. Patterson tells his story

My Political Journey: Jamaica's Sixth Prime Minister is P.J. Patterson's account of his time as an active and successful participant in the political and social development of Jamaica and the Caribbean from the mid-1950s well into the early 2000s.He... (

HP commits to educate 100,000 learners across Africa

HP announced a new commitment at the Global Citizen Festival: Mandela 100 to reach 100,000 learners across Africa over the next three years through the HP Foundation’s HP LIFE program and kicked off the commitment by opening a new tech-enabled HP LIFE Center in South Africa. HP’s pledge supports the United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 4 [&hellip (

Sustainable youth entrepreneurship in Africa is good for business

The Oxford Dictionary defines the word ‘yas’ as an informal way to express great pleasure or excitement. The YAS! Youth for Africa and SDGs – short for the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals – initiative by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and Accenture anticipates this reaction from its users. Across Africa, unemployment levels remain [&hellip (

Africa lags behind in Fifa development funding

Nineteen African football associations have failed to access funds from the Fifa Forward Development Programme that was launched in May 2016. (

The opportunity cost of doing business for SMEs in Africa

The African economy has gathered momentum over the years, with an estimated increase of 3.8% of the real output growth in 2017. As the largest economies gradually strengthen, the 2018/2019 performance should reach 4.1% according to the African Development Bank. This economic growth and sustainable development has largely been contributed by Small and Medium Enterprises [&hellip (

Haynes calls sale unfortunate (

MTN now covers 90% of South Africa with high speed LTE coverage

MTN has revealed that it has now covered 90% of South Africa with Long-Term Evolution (LTE/4G) coverage through the development of its 11 000th LTE site in the heartland of the Eastern Cape. This significant landmark site in Qatywa near the birthplace of Former President, Nelson Mandela, is testimony to SA’s fastest mobile network’s ongoing commitment [&hellip (

Meet Peter Harrison, the Only Caribbean Candidate for ARIN Board of Trustees Elections (

‘The Cove’ in Development at The CW From ‘Vampire Diaries’ Executive Producers (

Caribbean Nationals Victorious in ARIN Elections (

Internet Society Partnering With Facebook to Develop Internet Exchange Points Throughout Africa (