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‘Escape From Pretoria’ Film Review: Daniel Radcliffe Prison-Escape Drama Sags When He’s Off-Screen

The slightly political prison thriller “Escape From Pretoria” works best when onscreen action is focused on Daniel Radcliffe, playing real-life South African political prisoner Tim Jenkin, as he leads a crack team of white prisoners in breaking out of Pretoria Maximum Security Prison.

That’s not really a spoiler, since “Escape From Pretoria” is based on a real-life prison break that led to a decades-long international manhunt. Still, it’s hard to care about what happens to Jenkin and co-conspirators Stephen Lee (Daniel Webber, “The Dirt”) and Denis Goldberg (Ian Hart), even if you do know how their story will end, and even though “Escape from Pretoria” does feature some well-paced and visually dynamic pre-breakout prep scenes.

Almost everything that’s enjoyable about “Escape From Pretoria” is a variation on stuff you’ve probably seen in superior prison movies, though Radcliffe’s haunted performance is exceptionally compelling. Jenkin and Lee’s politics never make sense beyond a couple of stiff and skimpy political rants and some light, exploitation-friendly scenes where prison guards yell at one (1) black prison employee and also infrequently scream at Jenkin and Lee for being “traitors to your race.”

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This film from director Francis Annan, who co-adapted Jenkin’s memoir “Inside Out: Escape From Pretoria Prison” with L.H. Adams, succeeds as a straight-up genre movie but falters whenever its characters explain that their anti-apartheid politics — and some negligibly dramatized domestic drama involving Goldberg’s young son — are the main reasons why they need to bust out of prison. Life in Pretoria doesn’t otherwise seem unbearable enough to warrant so much dramatic build-up, especially if you’ve seen other prison break movies. (Any of them, really.)

“Escape From Pretoria” starts in 1975 with an appropriately mild bang: Jenkin and Lee are caught by Cape Town police as they distribute anti-apartheid literature with homemade explosives that function like makeshift confetti cannons, only they’re spreading propagandistic literature, not confetti. In a 1978 trial, Jenkin and Lee are respectively sentenced to 12 and eight years of prison by a vicious judge, who dresses them down on behalf of the entire South African government and its racist segregationist policies. It’s a good mustache-twirler of a speech, but there isn’t much more where it came from, except a couple of generic scenes where prison guards, particularly their hothead leader Mongo (Nathan Page, “Miss Fisher’s Murder Mysteries”), yell at, but pretty much never physically assault Jenkin and Lee.

Also Read: '11.22.63' Star Daniel Webber on Playing Lee Harvey Oswald

There’s not enough tough talk, and even less action, which makes it hard to care whenever one (1) lumbering, overweight and seemingly unwell guard appears to be the only person in Jenkin’s way when he pokes at some of the barred prison doors’ locks with a couple of shop-made wooden keys. Really, that’s it?

There’s simultaneously too much and not enough dramatic and ideological baggage weighing on scenes where Jenkin and Lee plan their escape. Viewers are often asked to use their imaginations to understand what motivates these characters, presumably because we already know how we feel about apartheid, institutionalized racism, and/or prison-break movie conventions. Still, it’s hard to become emotionally invested in a thriller with such a well-loved narrative trajectory if you never feel like Jenkin and Lee would need to get out of Pretoria.

Radcliffe does his best with a few otherwise inert speeches about racial equality, but even he can’t enliven dead-fish monologues like this unfortunate bit of voiceover narration, from an early scene where Jenkin futzes with two bags full of home-made bombs: “What we chose to do was the most radical of all things and, without doubt, the most explosive.”

Also Read: Winnie Mandela, South African Anti-Apartheid Campaigner, Dies at 81

It’s almost as if the brief, pre-Pretoria scenes are meant to briskly establish and then move on from all the psychologically complex stuff that might make you want to root for Jenkin and Lee. Of course, apartheid is horrible, and these characters (and the real people that they represent) believed what they believed. But there’s not much to write home about if viewers can’t share the protagonists’ vision just by watching this movie and seeing the obstacles in their way.

Thankfully, Annan is a capable director of bite-sized, meat-and-potatoes escape-prep scenes, especially whenever Radcliffe physically over-exerts himself as Jenkin designs and tests the wooden keys that he and his crew used to unlock Pretoria’s doors. These well-crafted sequences, shot by director of photography Geoffrey Hall (“Chopper”) and edited by Nick Fenton (“American Animals”), are compelling while you’re watching them, mostly because Radcliffe has become a consistently engaging leading man in his post-Harry Potter roles. His tense, exhausted body language makes you believe that there’s a story behind Jenkin’s sweat-stained under-shirts and twitchy eyebrows.

The rest of “Escape From Pretoria” lacks that kind of interiority, making it hard to care whenever Radcliffe is offscreen. His diehard fans (and any prison break movie buffs) might find what they’re looking for here, but there’s not necessarily enough going down on-screen for anyone else.

Related stories from TheWrap:

'Guns Akimbo' Star Daniel Radcliffe on Playing a Guy With Guns Attached to His Hands (Video)

'The Lifespan of a Fact' Broadway Review: Daniel Radcliffe Stands Up for the Truth

'Boesman and Lena' Theater Review: Athol Fugard's Searing Look at Apartheid-Era South Africa Revisited

Nadine Gordimer, Anti-Apartheid Novelist and Nobel Prize Winner, Dead at 90


Women's T20 World Cup: Lizelle Lee century helps South Africa rout Thailand

Lizelle Lee's maiden Twenty20 international century helps South Africa ease past Thailand by 113 runs in the Women's T20 World Cup in Canberra. (

South Africa rout Thailand at Women's World Cup

Lizelle Lee's maiden Twenty20 international century helps South Africa ease past Thailand by 113 runs in the Women's T20 World Cup in Canberra. (

Top 10 Most Popular South African Apps on iOS

Apps made in South Africa, used by South Africans every day match up quite well against international standards such as WhatsApp and Instagram – these Apps also show what South Africans need and want the most out of their smartphones experiences. The Top 10 South African free IOS Apps downloaded by South Africans are as […]

The post Top 10 Most Popular South African Apps on iOS appeared first on IT News Africa - Up to date technology news, IT news, Digital news, Telecom news, Mobile news, Gadgets news, Analysis and Reports.


Winston Duke, Zazie Beetz Drama ‘Nine Days’ Acquired by Sony Pictures Classics

“Nine Days,” starring Winston Duke, Zazie Beetz and Bill Skarsgard, has been acquired by Sony Pictures Classics following its premiere at the Sundance Film Festival last month, the distributor announced Friday.

Directed by Edson Oda, “Nine Days” takes place in a house, distant from the reality we know, and centers on a reclusive man named Will (Duke) who interviews prospective candidates Emma (Beetz), Kane (Skarsgård), Kyo (Benedict Wong), and Mike (David Rysdahl), who are each personifications of human souls, for the privilege that he once had: to be born in the real world. The others however, will cease to exist.

Oda also wrote the screenplay. Arianna Ortiz also co-stars.

Also Read: Director Edson Oda on How His Uncle's Death Inspired 'Nine Days' (Video)

SPC took North American rights, along with Latin America, Eastern Europe, Middle East, India, Australia, New Zealand, Scandinavia, South Africa, Benelux, and Thailand and on all airlines worldwide.

The film is a co-production between Juniper Productions, Mandalay Pictures, Nowhere, MACRO Media, and The Space Program, in association with Mansa Productions, Oak Street Pictures, 30WEST, Baked Studios and Datari Turner Productions. The film premiered last month at the Sundance Film Festival, where it won the Waldo Salt Screenwriting Award in the U.S. Dramatic Competition.

The project is produced by Jason Michael Berman of Mandalay Pictures, Mette-Marie Kongsved and Laura Tunstall of Nowhere, Matthew Lindner of Juniper Productions and Datari Turner. Executive producers are Charles D. King, Kim Roth, Gus Deardoff, Kellon Akeem, Yandy Smith, Renée Frigo, Beth Hubbard, Trevor Groth, Winston Duke, Caroline Connor, Will Raynor, Mark C. Stevens, Mark G. Mathis, Kwesi Collisson, Larry Weinberg, George A. Loucas, Michelle Craig, and Piero Frescobaldi.

Also Read: 'Charm City Kings' Trailer Shows Baltimore Kids Gearing Up for 'The Ride' (Video)

“Nine Days is one of those rare movies that will have a long life and stand the test of time,” Sony Pictures Classics said in a statement. “It’s about alternate realities–Black Mirror on the big screen, with touches of Wings of Desire and The Matrix. It offers surprises galore and marks the birth of a major filmmaker. We are excited to be introducing ‘Nine Days’ to audiences around the world.”

“I grew up watching and admiring countless Sony Pictures Classics’ movies,” Oda said in a statement. “So many of their films–and the filmmakers they supported–ignited my passion for cinema and also propelled me to become a filmmaker. I’m so happy, humbled and honored to be working with them and can’t wait to share ‘Nine Days’ with the world.”

“It’s a dream come true to have made a film that Tom, Michael and Dylan love and want to give a theatrical release. Their sincere passion for ‘Nine Days’ has been infectious and, in handing over our film, we can think of no better partners than Sony Pictures Classics,” the producers Berman, Kongsved, Lindner, Tunstall, and Turner said in a statement.

The deal was negotiated by Larry Weinberg of Mandalay Pictures, and 30WEST and CAA Media Finance who are co-repping North American rights on behalf of the filmmakers.

Sony Pictures Classics ultimately had a busy Sundance, as the distributor is releasing “Charm City Kings” this spring and also acquired “The Father” starring Anthony Hopkins and Olivia Colman, the international documentary “The Truffle Hunters” and the drama “I Carry You With Me.”

THR first reported the news.

Related stories from TheWrap:

Sony Pictures Classics Partners With Stage 6 Films to Acquire 'I Carry You With Me'

Sony Pictures Classics Lands Dog Doc 'The Truffle Hunters'

'The Father' Starring Anthony Hopkins and Olivia Colman Acquired by Sony Pictures Classics Ahead of Sundance


Can You Recognise A Cyber Security Threat? New Study Says ‘Probably Not’

African countries, including Botswana, Kenya, and South Africa, were surveyed in 2019 to determine their preparedness to face threats from cybercrime by KnowBe4, an international security awareness training company. The study found that 53% of all Africans surveyed think that trusting emails from people they know is good enough to preclude them from security threats. […]

The post Can You Recognise A Cyber Security Threat? New Study Says ‘Probably Not’ appeared first on IT News Africa - Up to date technology news, IT news, Digital news, Telecom news, Mobile news, Gadgets news, Analysis and Reports.


ICANN to Hold First-Ever Remote Public Meeting

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) today announced that its ICANN67 Public Meeting, which was to be held in Cancún, Mexico, will now be held via remote participation-only. This decision was made as a result of the COVID-19 outbreak, considered a public health emergency of international concern by the World Health Organization.

The meeting, scheduled for 7-12 March 2020, marks the first time in ICANN's history that it will hold a Public Meeting solely with remote participation.

Each ICANN Public Meeting attracts thousands of attendees from more than 150 countries. With cases in at least 26 of those countries, there is the potential of bringing the virus to Cancún and into the ICANN meeting site. If this were to happen, there could be accidental exposure of the virus to attendees, staff, and others who come in contact with an infected individual.

COVID-19 continues to be a rapidly evolving global situation, with new cases emerging daily.

"This is a decision that the ICANN Board has been considering since the outbreak was first announced and it is one that we haven't taken lightly," said Maarten Botterman, ICANN Board Chair. "We know that changing this meeting to remote participation-only will have an impact on and cause disruption to our community; however, this decision is about people. Protecting the health and safety of the ICANN community is our top priority."

The community will have many questions about travel arrangements, scheduling, and other meeting-related issues. ICANN will consult with community leaders and groups to focus the virtual program on the most essential sessions, and will publish a Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) page to in the coming days.

ICANN thanks its regional partners in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) who had worked tirelessly to host this meeting in Cancún. We appreciate their understanding and we look forward to returning to the LAC region for ICANN70 in 2021.

Remote participation is an integral part of any ICANN Public Meeting, but it will be vastly expanded for ICANN67, and will leverage the robust technology platform in use by the community today.

Those interested in attending the remote meeting should still register here, if they have not done so previously. To learn more about remote participation, visit ICANN Public Meetings.

ICANN will continue to make further announcements as circumstances warrant. In the meantime, ICANN org will hold a webinar to provide a short update and take questions. The webinar will be held on Thursday, 20 February at 1800 UTC.

ICANN also is reviewing upcoming meetings, such as the GDD Summit in Paris and the ICANN68 Meeting in Malaysia. So far, no decisions have been made and these are proceeding as planned. ICANN will keep the community informed of any changes.

This post was originally published on the ICANN website.


Autumn Internationals: Wales to face world champions South Africa and New Zealand

Wales will face 2019 World Cup winners South Africa and New Zealand in the 2020 autumn international series in Cardiff. (

Oliver Stone to Head Saudi Arabia’s Red Sea Festival Jury, Lineup Announced

Oliver Stone will preside over the main jury of Saudi Arabia’s nascent Red Sea International Film Festival, which has unveiled its inaugural lineup. The fest will feature the Middle East premiere of Harvey Weinstein-inspired workplace abuse drama “The Assistant” amid a fresh mix of feature films and docs from Europe, the U.S., Asia and Africa […] (

England beat South Africa by two runs in T20 thriller

England hold their nerve to level the series against South Africa with a thrilling two-run victory in the second Twenty20 international in Durban. (

England in South Africa: Tourists win second T20 by two runs to level series

England hold their nerve to level the series against South Africa with a thrilling two-run victory in the second Twenty20 international in Durban. (

Wilco Louw: Harlequins sign South Africa international prop ahead of next season

Harlequins sign South Africa international prop Wilco Louw ahead of the 2020-21 Premiership season. (

Wilco Louw: Harlequins sign South Africa international prop ahead of next season

Harlequins sign South Africa international prop Wilco Louw ahead of the 2020-21 Premiership season. (

England in South Africa: Tourists lose first Twenty20 by one run

England throw away the opportunity to defeat South Africa in the first Twenty20 international, losing a dramatic contest by one run in East London. (

England in South Africa: Tourists lose first Twenty20 by one run

England throw away the opportunity to defeat South Africa in the first Twenty20 international, losing a dramatic contest by one run in East London. (

Cracks Appearing in Trump's Huawei Boycott

It must have been a galling experience for President Trump when his good mate British Prime Minister Boris Johnson failed to step in line with Trump's demand that the UK should also boycott the Chinese firm Huawei by not allowing them to be involved in the rollout of 5G in Britain. However, the involvement of Huawei will be limited.

It further proves that boycotting Huawei is a political and not a technical issue. Huawei is a poster child for China's international technology success and, by boycotting Huawei, Trump is hurting China as a global technology leader.

While there are other good telecoms manufacturers, Huawei is internationally recognized for being the leader in 5G technology, innovation and R&D, at the same time, it has been able to offer their products and services at a significantly lower cost than its competitors. Britain recognizes, as do many other countries in Europe and Asia that this provides them with the best possible mobile technology, which will assist these countries in global competitiveness and provides lower prices to its citizens.

To highlight this situation, the restriction put on Huawei in the rollout of 5G in the UK is going to cost British Telecom £500 million, as it will have to buy more expensive gear from other suppliers. BT's shares, already down 25% over the previous 12 months, were down a further 7.5% after the company's assessment of the Huawei impact.

I totally agree we need to be very wary of the totalitarian regime in China, where President Xi Jinping is using technology in an Orwellian way to control and manipulate its population, with the aim of making them placid and complacent. And he would like to extend his surveillance state model beyond the Chinese borders.

However, these sorts of concerns should be addressed through international forums putting pressure on China to adhere to global values and agreements. In these international forums, the rest of the world shouldn't shy away from strong pressure and strong condemnation.

As mentioned, the UK is not giving Huawei a free ride — there is a range of restrictions on the company's participation in the 5G rollout. Also, Boris Johnson voiced its support for more local R&D support in order to stimulate more competition into the telecoms equipment market. There are basically three major global telecoms manufacturers, apart from Huawei, Ericsson and Nokia (the latter two both European companies).

Back to the politics of the issue, in my opinion, Trump tries to mix these real concerns with global hegemony issues and the fear of the United States losing out economically to China.

It will be interesting to see if there will be any fallout of Johnson's decision not to follow Trump's lead. Unlike other countries in Europe and Asia who are still buying Huawei equipment, Britain is part of the Five Eyes countries. These Anglo-Saxon countries (Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and the U.S.) share intelligence, and Trump has already mentioned his concerns about any of these countries not complying with the U.S. policy on Huawei.

With Britain leaving the EU, this country is now desperately looking for new bilateral trade deals, and Trump could make life difficult for Johnson by dragging out negotiations and/or being stubborn about making deals.

By the same token, an unpredictable President Trump could suddenly end the Huawei boycott if he believes he may get good concessions out of President Xi Jinping.

Another interesting development to follow is the reaction of other countries in the process of making decisions about the rollout of their 5G network. Will they follow UK's lead and withstand the Trump threats? Through the so-called Nine Eyes and Fourteen Eyes alliances, many more countries are linked to intelligence sharing arrangements with the United States. Apart from Australia and Japan, none of them have followed the U.S. lead.

It is expected that New Zealand and Canada are now expected to follow the UK's lead. The EU, as a group, has already indicated it is not in favor of banning any company from the 5G rollouts. Instead, they are working on a stringent security framework for these networks that will be imposed on all players. German Chancellor Angela Merkel has also voiced her opposition to a Huawei ban, and the UK decision will no doubt also further strengthen her stand on the issue.

At the same time, countries in Africa and Asia are continuing to roll out networks with Huawei's 5G equipment, and here the UK decision will have a positive effect on further decisions to be made on these continents.

In short, this story is far from over, and there will be many more twists and turns before we will see the end of this. In the meantime, the real focus should be on global corporations aimed at ensuring that our democratic and human rights values are well protected in the wake of all the new technologies — not just in relation to 5G, but also and in particular AI.

Written by Paul Budde, Managing Director of Paul Budde Communication


Cyberspace Security in Africa – Where Do We Stand?

Very few African states today have developed a national cybersecurity strategy or have in place cybersecurity and data protection regulations and laws. Yet, the continent has made major headway in developing its digital ecosystem, and moreover, it is home to the largest free trade area in the world, which is predicted to create an entirely new development path harnessing the potential of its resources and people.

The world bank believes a digital economy in Africa can boost economic growth on the continent by up to two percentage points per year and reduce poverty by one percentage point per year in Sub-Saharan Africa alone. But not even such great predictions and clear solutions to poverty alleviation have convinced the continent's leadership to work towards ensuring that once the digital ecosystem (an ecosystem so critical to the continent's success and future) is developed, it should be protected and kept stable. Such laxity explains why according to a survey carried out by the African Union Commission (AUC), out of the 55 African states, only 8 countries have a national strategy on cybersecurity, only 13 with a Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT) or Computer Security Incident Response Teams (CSIRTs), 14 with personal data protection laws, and only 11 with cybercrime laws. A similar report by Deloitte expresses similar concerns.

While the individual governments on the continent seem to be very slow to appreciate the importance of the concept of cyber safety, the regional political body, the African Union seems to be making some gains in raising awareness and advocating for better cyber safety, well, at least to the continent's ministers of Information and Communications Technology. On September 20, 2018, The African Union Commission (AUC) put out a call for experts to join its African Union Cyber Security Expert Group (AUCSEG), based on a resolution by its Executive Council earlier in January of the same year to create an Africa Cyber Security collaboration and coordination committee to advise the AUC and policymakers on Cyber strategies, with the following specific tasks:

  • Advising the AUC on cybersecurity issues and policies, such as capacity building initiatives;
  • Proposing solutions to facilitate the ratification and domestication of the Malabo Convention into national laws;
  • Sharing best practice on critical and Internet infrastructure security and how to mitigate current and new threats;
  • Identifying areas of research needed for the formulation of policies, guidelines, etc., which can be general or sector-specific, for instance, cybersecurity for smart grid technologies in the electric power industry, for financial systems, and for equipment monitoring tools;
  • Identifying ways to support Computer Security Incident Response Teams (CSIRTs), in the area of capacity building and information sharing at the regional and African Union level;
  • Encouraging close collaboration among the AU Member States and stakeholders, including in responsible and coordinated disclosures;
  • Proposing ways to increase the skills of information systems and cybersecurity professionals in Africa (e.g., by fostering trusted certification programs);
  • Supporting AUC in formulating strategies for cybersecurity and capacity building programs;
  • Supporting AUC and Member States on international cooperation matters regarding cybersecurity, personal data protection and combating cybercrime.

The group was formed and held its inaugural meeting on December 10, 2019. They have, through its chair, been asking African experts to submit their personal assessments of the state of cybersecurity in the continent, especially as it pertains to what the continent has done right and what it can do better.

To answer that call, I would say I think the adoption of the African Union Convention on Cyber Security and Personal Data Protection in 2014 is amongst some of the things that Africa has done right in this area, even though most countries are yet to ratify the convention. Even with the challenge in ratification, it remains a major step forward towards increasing awareness amongst the ministers and administrators from member states. Then there was the piece of work that was done to develop and launch the Privacy and Personal Data Protection Guidelines by the African Union Commission in partnership with Internet Society (ISOC). That was also an important milestone towards secure cyberspace in Africa.

However, and as I've written before, it is disappointing to see that continent-wide and regional initiatives like the Continental Free Trade Area (CFTA) do not embed cybersecurity considerations and concepts at their conception phases and when such projects are developed. In light of current technological trends and in line with progress being made in developing the African digital ecosystem, free intra-regional trade will not only be offline. Rather, we are sure to see a significant amount of the intra-regional trade taking place on the Internet. Digital trade generally requires a great deal of free movement and flow of personal data, as data is the lifeblood of the digital economy. A continent-wide digital trade involving consumers cannot occur without the collection and movement of personal data like names, email addresses, and billing information across borders. In order for such a market to be efficiently regulated, the region will need to look into unifying implementations of cybersecurity and data protection regulations across the continent. The best way to do that (in my opinion) would be for African states to adopt the African Union Convention on Cyber Security and Personal Data Protection or at least align their national cybersecurity legislation with it. Current disparate implementations of data protection regulation (where they exist) make it a very tedious task for multinational businesses or any company carrying out business with partners in multiple countries in the region to lawfully transfer data across borders as part of their operations. Non-compliance with the different data protection regulations may preclude companies from potential business exploits in the region.

We must also remember that in most advanced information societies, regulation tends to play catch up to innovation. Technology use led by the private sector should, in theory, be speeding ahead, while government and public policymakers struggle to catch up. But that is not even the picture we see across the continent. Admittedly, there is some technological progress, but not nearly fast enough to transform the continent into an information society. Therefore, we must start asking questions like what the implications are, if the private sector that is meant to lead innovation also suffers from lack of awareness in cybersecurity, just like their public sector and civil society counterparts.

It is often assumed that the key issue hindering progress in the maturity of cybersecurity posture in Africa is the public leaders. In fact, in the request by the chair of the AUCSEG in one of the African policy chat forums — the Free Software and Open Source Foundation for Africa (FOSSFA) telegram channels, the chair asked for "suggestions on how to message cybersecurity/technology and digital trust ideas to analog African leadership." Yet, in an empirical study on National Cyber Security Awareness in Africa using focus groups, some African stakeholders responded that, "the government realizes that lack of awareness is crucial and recognizes the importance of a multi-stakeholder approach towards this goal." This raises many questions. Amongst them are questions like — are our assumptions of what seems to be the challenge of advancing the cybersecurity posture on the continent and even the general adoption of technological solutions wrong?

Another pertinent question that comes out of the above statement is, if African governments are aware, or at the very least have an idea of what needs to be done to improve their countries' cybersecurity posture but no progress is being made on that front, then what exactly is stopping them?

As the new year and decade begin, these are some of the important questions the AUCSEG should be finding answers to, and hopefully propel the continent to a better cybersecurity posture than we find ourselves today. With the right answers, the continent might move from a Start up stage (stage 1) to at least the Established stage (stage 3) of the University of Oxford Cyber Security Maturity Model for Nations (CMM) which assesses the cyber security capacity maturity capabilities of states over five dimensions (Cybersecurity Policy and Strategy; Cyber Culture and Society; Cybersecurity Education, Training and Skills; Legal and Regulatory Frameworks; and Standards, Organizations, and Technologies) with indicators that describes steps and actions that must be taken to achieve maturity in one of the following 5 stages of maturity: 1) Start up; 2) Formative; 3) Established; 4) Strategic; 5) Dynamic.

But if in answering these questions, the AUCSEG finds that it is indeed the 'analog-ness ' of our leaders that is hindering progress in cybersecurity on the continent, then I would recommend the following next steps:

  1. Investing in awareness of the 'analog' leaders on how cybercrime and poor or lack-of a national cybersecurity strategy and regulation affect the various state economies and their governments' legitimacy.
  2. The AUC should invest in trust-building mechanisms between governments and their private sectors and civil society, in order to create channels of communication and trust in local expert advice. It also makes it possible for successful government-private partnerships in national security.

Once these are in place, strategies like a Whole-of-Government (WoG) approach, which is necessary to achieve an efficient and cost-effective national cybersecurity should be recommended to African states. This approach lends to the process of better coordination and the use of existing resources.

And finally, if the AUCSEG is going to support the AUC and member states on international cooperation on matters of cybersecurity and cybercrime as listed on its list of tasks, then it should investigate and advise the AUC on how recognition (or the lack of) of cyberspace as the fifth domain in military warfare could possibly impact the national security of African states. Only one country in Africa, the Republic of South African, has researched and considered the concept of Revolution in Military Affairs (RMA), which is a military concept that proposes that new military doctrines, strategies, tactics and technologies are required for future warfare. Especially in this digital era where more and more public civilian infrastructure is also being targeted both at peacetime and at wartime as legitimate military targets due to the dual-use nature of cyber infrastructure.

While it is understandable that there are financial limitations amongst other things, that limit developing countries from adopting such a concept, African leadership must be aware and well versed with the concept to substantially contribute to current global security and International law (as it relates to cyberspace) discussions and fora, like the United Nations Group of Governmental Experts (UN GGE) on Developments in the Field of Information and Telecommunications in the Context of International Security and the UN Open-Ended Working Group (OEWG) looking at cyberspace norms.

Written by Tomslin Samme-Nlar, Researcher


England in South Africa: Tourists win third ODI by two wickets to draw series

England secure a 1-1 series draw with South Africa by beating the hosts by two wickets in the third one-day international in Johannesburg. (

England in South Africa: Tourists win third ODI by two wickets to draw series

England secure a 1-1 series draw with South Africa by beating the hosts by two wickets in the third one-day international in Johannesburg. (

England in South Africa: Adil Rashid denied wicket by DRS drama

England are controversially denied a wicket in their third one-day international against South Africa because of technology problems. (

England in South Africa: Dale Steyn returns to Proteas' Twenty20 squad

South Africa fast bowler Dale Steyn is set to play international cricket for the first time in nearly a year after being named in the Twenty20 squad to face England. (

Rain delays start of England's second ODI against South Africa

Rain delays the start of England's second one-day international against South Africa in Durban. (

England in South Africa: Rain delays start of second ODI in Durban

Rain delays the start of England's second one-day international against South Africa in Durban. (

Quinton de Kock hits hundred as England thrashed by South Africa

England suffer a heavy seven-wicket defeat by South Africa in Cape Town in their first one-day international since winning the World Cup. (

England 'way off the mark' in SA thrashing - Morgan

England suffer a heavy seven-wicket defeat by South Africa in Cape Town in their first one-day international since winning the World Cup. (

Cisco appoints new VP of Middle East & Africa

International tech company, Cisco has appointed Reem Asaad as the new VP of Middle East and Africa region. The news, which broke on Monday, 3 February 2020, is said to come at a time when digital transformation continues to change and evolve the business landscape at a rapid pace. In his new position, Asaad will [&hellip (

Connecting the Next 46 Percent: Time to Pick the Good From the Bad and the Ugly (

Locusts: UN calls for international help in East Africa

"Unprecedented" swarms of desert locusts, the worst in decades, are devouring crops in East Africa. (

Corruption stench rising - Perception of malfeasance in Jamaica increases on watchdog index

Transparency International’s 2019 Corruption Perception Index (CPI) has positioned Jamaica as the fourth most corrupt state among Caribbean countries ahead of Guyana, Trinidad and Tobago, and Haiti. The 2019 index, released yesterday, showed... (

YouTube Hires Viacom Exec Alex Okosi to Bolster EMEA Growth

YouTube has tapped ViacomCBS Networks International exec Alex Okosi as managing director of emerging markets in Europe, the Middle East and Africa (EMEA), the company announced Tuesday. Okosi will be responsible for running YouTube’s business and partnership teams in Russia, the Middle East, and Africa, and will report to the head of YouTube EMEA, Cécile […] (

Netflix Picks Up International Streaming Rights to 21 Studio Ghibli Films (